Female-like growth in the male mammary tissue is referred to as gynecomastia. Frequent causes of the situation are nutritional habits, hormonal irregularities, medications, alcohol and drug abuse and some other health problems. Gynecomastia may lead to avoiding activities such as swimming or exercising, and difficulties in dressing.   


The type of growth is evaluated in the pre-operative examination. Three different growth types may be observed:

Fat tissue related

Glandular tissue related

Mixed type (both glandular and fat)

The techniques to be used in the operation are decided during the procedure. If the growth is fat tissue related only, liposuction would be the proper procedure. If it is glandular tissue related, gland removal would be performed in addition to liposuction.


The operation is performed under general anaesthesia and it takes approximately 1,5 hours. If the procedure is liposuction, no scar will be observed. If gland removal is the procedure, a 3 mm incision is made in the areolar region and gland tissue is removed from that area.

The incision made in the coloured site around the areola generally recovers well and leaves no significant scar.

A corset covering the body is worn after the operation.


A single night of hospital stay is sufficient. Patients generally return to their social lives about 72 hours after the operation. Showering is allowed 48 hours after the operation. There will be no need for bandaging at home. The sutures are resorbed in time and do not necessitate removal. At the end of 4 weeks, mild sportive activities are allowed. A duration of 2 months is necessary for heavy sportive activities. Laying facedown is not a problem after discharge.